Westward expansion integrated the Creoles and Cajuns of Louisiana and the Hispanos of the Southwest and brought close contact with the culture of Mexico.
The overwhelming majority of African immigrants (~95%) identified instead with their own respective ethnicities.
The first West African slaves were brought to Jamestown, Virginia in 1619.
The English settlers treated these captives as indentured servants and released them after a number of years.
Augustine, Florida in 1565 by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés.
In the State of Texas, Spaniards first settled the region in the late 1600s and formed a unique cultural group known as Tejanos (Texanos).