In September the Father Guardian of the Franciscan order came from Mexico to survey the site and determined that a guard of six men would be sufficient to protect the Mission.
In 1804 a row of buildings was constructed, measuring 232 feet in length and 19 feet in both height and width.
The Chumash even developed an excellent astronomical system, which was on a par with Europe in terms of accuracy.
Their small, well-organized villages, called rancherias by the Spanish-speaking settlers, were made up of many large huts built from poles interwoven with reeds.
Father Estvan Tpis, who had become superior of the missions following the death of Father Lasun in 1803, had every reason to expect a prosperous future for the mission.
However, Santa Ins did not measure up to the early indications of success.
The Indians gathered and leached acorns, and they also harvested nuts, seeds, and berries.
They were skilled fishermen and enjoyed a variety of sea food, and they hunted animals as well.
In June of 1803 the new President of the Missions, Father Tapis, responded to Arrillaga's letter, detailing the number of Indians in the area and significant events such as the small group of Indian outlaws who had been committing murders throughout the region.
Nineteenth Mission Date Founded: September 17, 1804 Founder: Father Estvan Tpis Named for: Saint Agnes Location: 1760 Mission Drive, P. Box 408 Solvang, CA 93464 Directions From US 101, take the Solvang exit at Buellton (SR 246) east 4 miles to Mission Santa Ins, just beyond downtown Solvang.
Contact Information: Phone: (805) 688-4815 Fax: (805) 686-4468 Linea en espaol: (805) 688-6763 Portuguese navigator Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo was credited with the discovery of the Santa Barbara Channel during an exploratory voyage in October 1542, in which he claimed the land in the name of the Spanish king.
A Mission in the Santa Ynez Valley would secure the region as a buffer zone.
After completing the initial chain of Missions to the north, Father Lasuen directed Father Estevan Tapis of Mission Santa Barbara to accompany Captain Felipe de Goycoechea to survey possible Mission sites northeast of the coastal mountains.