While some auxiliary cohorts in the late Roman period had carried shields with distinctive colours or designs, there is no evidence that any one Roman legion was distinguished from another by features other than the numbers on the leather covers protecting their shields.The regular thematic (provincial) and Tagmata (central) troops of the Byzantine Empire (East Roman) are the first known soldiers to have had what would now be considered regimental or unit identification. The date stated determines the time of payment if the instrument is payable at a fixed period after date.Except as provided in Section 4-401(c), an instrument payable on demand is not payable before the date of the instrument.The feudal system of Western Europe provided instances of distinguishing features denoting allegiance to one or another lord.
Officers wore a waist sash or pekotarion, which may have been of different colours according to rank.
There are a few recorded attempts at uniform dress in antiquity, going beyond the similarity to be expected of ethnic or tribal dress.
One example is the Spanish infantry of Hannibal who wore white tunics with crimson edgings. The terracotta army discovered in the tomb of the first Emperor of China (c.
A distinction should be made between uniforms and ethnic dress.
If a particular people or culture favoured a distinctive dress style this could easily create the impression of uniformly dressed warriors.