The differing political systems among these three peoples reflected and produced divergent customs and values.
The Hausa-Fulani commoners, having contact with the political system only through a village head designated by the Emir or one of his subordinates, did not view political leaders as amenable to influence. As with all other authoritarian and liberal religious and political systems, leadership positions were given to persons willing to be subservient and loyal to superiors.
This Sultan was regarded as the source of all political power and religious authority.
The civil war can be connected to the British colonial amalgamation in 1914 of Northern and Southern Nigeria.
Intended for better administration due to the close proximity of these protectorates, the change did not account for the great difference in the cultures and religions of the peoples in each area.
Control over the lucrative oil production in the Niger Delta played a vital strategic role.
Within a year, the Federal Military Government surrounded Biafra, capturing coastal oil facilities and the city of Port Harcourt.