By compiling some of the most frequently requested facts and figures on U. immigration, this article provides answers to questions such as: How many people immigrated to the United States last year? Has the number of unauthorized immigrants changed in recent years? S.-born children now number approximately 84.3 million people, or 27 percent of the overall U. India was the leading country of origin for recent immigrants, with 179,800 arriving in 2015, followed by 143,200 from China, 139,400 from Mexico, 47,500 from the Philippines, and 46,800 from Canada.
How many entered as refugees, and from which countries? In 2013, India and China overtook Mexico as the top origin countries for recent arrivals.
: The term "Limited English Proficient" refers to persons ages 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire.
S.-born population: The median age of immigrants was 43.9 years, compared to 36 years for the native born. How many immigrants have entered the United States since 2010? What is the racial composition of the immigrant population? Of the 56.6 million people in 2015 who self-identified as Hispanic or Latino, 35 percent (19.5 million) were immigrants. In 2015, approximately 79 percent (236.9 million) of the 301.6 million people ages ages 5 and older in the U. Spanish was by far the most common language (62 percent), followed by Chinese (including Mandarin and Cantonese, 5 percent), Tagalog (almost 3 percent), Vietnamese (2 percent), French (including Cajun and Patois, 2 percent), Arabic (2 percent), and Korean (2 percent), and German, Russian, and French Creole (about 1 percent each).
In 2015, fewer than 1 percent of immigrants were under age 5 (compared to 7 percent for the native born), approximately 5 percent were ages 5 to 17 (compared to 19 percent), 80 percent were ages 18 to 64 (compared to 60 percent), and 15 percent were ages 65 and older (the same as the U. Sixteen percent of the 43.3 million immigrants in the United States in 2015 entered since 2010, 28 percent between 20, and the majority (57 percent) before 2000 (due to rounding, these do not add to 100). Forty-seven percent of immigrants in 2015 reported their race as White, 27 percent as Asian, 9 percent as Black, and 15 percent as some other race; roughly 2 percent reported having two or more races. In 2015, 45 percent of immigrants (19.5 million people) reported having Hispanic or Latino origins. Which languages are most frequently spoken at home in U. What is the size of the Limited English Proficient population? Spanish speakers accounted for 64 percent (16.4 million) of the LEP population.
Definitions "Foreign born" and "immigrant" are used interchangeably and refer to persons with no U. Geographical regions: MPI follows the definition of Latin America as put forth by the United Nations and the U. Census Bureau, which spans Central America (including Mexico), the Caribbean, and South America. Between 18, the immigrant share of the overall population fluctuated between 13 percent and nearly 15 percent, peaking at 14.8 percent in 1890, mainly due to high levels of immigration from Europe.
For more information about geographical regions, see the U. Census Bureau and United Nations Statistics Division. Restrictive immigration legislation in 19, coupled with the Great Depression and World War II, led to a sharp drop in new arrivals.