The successful revolt temporarily creates a power vacuum in western North America, which the French are quick to exploit.1682 - April 9; Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, having descended the full length of the Mississippi with an exploring party of 23 Frenchmen and 31 Indians, claims all of the lands drained by the river and its tribu-taries for France and names it Louisiana.July 15; the Delaware sign a treaty with Penn's repre-sentative William Markham at the present site of Germantown, Pennsylvania; Voltaire claims this is the only treaty with the Indians that whites never broke.1701 - July 24; Fort Pontchartrain du Detroit is founded by the French.1560 - Iroquoian tribes south of the Great Lakes, at war with each other and surrounded by more numerous Algonquian enemies, are on the verge of extinction.The Iroquois Confederacy, the League of the Five Nations, is founded by Deganawidah and Hiawatha. 1600 - The name "Hurons" is given to the Wyandots of the Huron Confederacy by the French.Westernmost outpost of the Illinois district in Upper Louisiana, it is intended to keep a watchful eye on both the Spanish in Santa Fe and French fur traders in the area.
South of the Hurons is a second, smaller Wyandot confederacy, the Tionontate, called Petun by the French.
Petun and Huron refugees leave Ontario, and spend the winter of 1649-50 on Mackinac Island.c.
1650 - First French contact with the Shawnee in Tennessee, where they have drifted from Ohio. The Five Nations temporarily control all the lands on either side of Lake Erie and Lake Ontario.1673 - In May, Father Marquette and Louis Joliet set out from St.
Many flee to islands in Georgian Bay; some seek refuge with the Ottawa, Petun, or French, while others become adopted captives of the Iroquois. Father Charles Garnier and Father Noel Chabanel, missionaries to the Petun at St.
Jean, are tortured to death by the Iroquois, bringing the number of Jesuit martyrs to five.